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Mulberry Silk Basics
Silk is a luxury fabric with an enchanting history that goes back thousands of years. Despite its popularity and utility, many customers do not know much about the silk they purchase or where it comes from. We have created this infromational page about silk, so that our customers can be aware of some background facts and information. By staying informed while shopping you can save money and gaurentee yourself a better quality product.
It is a fine, lightweight, plain weave silk that comes in a crepe fabric. The fabric usually has two highly twisted S and two highly twisted Z yarns alternately in both the warp and weft. The front side of the fabric has a satin finish, which makes it lustrous and reflective, while the back has a dull finish. Loved for its lustrous shine, beautiful drape, and sumptuous feel, charmeuse silk is the most widely recognized of the silk fabrics. Wonderfully versatile, this elegant fabric has medium weight and some natural elasticity, making it perfect for skirts, dresses, eveningwear, nightgowns, lingerie, and gently shaped tops. Charmeuse sews well, but is subject to snags and requires extra attention since it is a bit slippery.
It is a fine, lightweight, plain weave silk that comes in a crepe fabric. The fabric usually has two highly twisted S and two highly twisted Z yarns alternately in both the warp and weft. Made of crepe yarn, silk georgette has a grainy texture, a sheer feel, and a thin, very dry texture on the hand. It is heavier than chiffon, and is similar to silk crepe, but is not as soft or lustrous as crepe. Georgette is durable, but snags easily which makes it not as durable as some types of silk. When the silk is draped it lays out very fluidly and falls into soft ripples.
With its creped surface, this sheer and strong silk fabric is great for blouses, bias-cut flared skirts, evening wear, dresses, and scarves. It doesn't show pin marks and doesn’t hold a crease, making it ideal for clothing. This type of silk is relatively difficult to sew.
It is not a type of silk but actually a special fabrication. Jacquard is a pattern that is woven directly into the material. This is why you might see many types of fabrics labled as jacquard, each with it's own unique pattern.
A device for weaving such elaborate designs by a machine was invented between 1801 and 1810 by Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752 - 1834). The Jacquard mechanism is attached to a loom and operated by a punch card system which selects individual warp threads. A variety of mechanically operated jacquard machines exist today, these provide control over 100, 200, 400 or 600 ends and allow for very eleborate patterns.
This silk's name comes from the common name of the Morus Alba tree, which is the sole food of the Bombyx mori silk producing caterpillar. It is a hardy perennial tree and yields silk mainly of yellow, white, or greenish yellow color. To produce Mulberry silk a caterpiller is fed exclusively on the mulberry leaves until it is ready to produce it's cocoon. It then spins a single strand of silk which can be over one thousand yeards long, this is what makes Mulberry silk the finest silk available. Here at SilkHolic we use only the finest Mulberry silk in all of our fashion, bedding and garmets.
Silk Crepe is a luxurious fabric with a good sheen and a pebbly texture obtained by using high twist yarns. Silk Crepe has a beautiful drape, and is extensively used to make dresses, slacks, skirts, lightweight suits, bridal gowns, and evening wear.
Douppioni (also called Doupioni, Dupion, Dupioni)
Douppioni Silk is a lustrous silk often woven from two different colors of threads, so that it shimmers or changes color in the light. Douppioni is made from an irregular, rough silk reeled from double cocoons or cocoons nested together, making it necessary to reel them together.